J. Agric. Options Mediterraennes 19: 79-8. drought: Study of Rural Fulani, Northeastern Nigeria. Hence, chemometrics is a promising approach for the authentication of betel varieties. The nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus were investigated using standard analytical methods in order to assess the numerous potential of the plant leaves. The samples were analyzed for Ca, P, K,Mg, Na, Zn, Fe, Cr, Mn, Ni, Cu, Sr, Ba, Li, Be, V, Co, Ga, Se, U, Cs, As,Cd, Tl, and Pb by inductively coupled plasma–optical emissionspectrometry (ICP-OES) and ICP–mass spectrometry (ICP-MS).Among the macro elements, the concentrations (0.12-8.37 g/kg) arelargely type dependent and statistically different, except for Na(0.12-0.34 g/kg). The ratio of Na/K in any food item is an important factor; high Na and low K intake contribute to a great prevalence of hypertension (Tanase, Griffin, Koski, Cooper, & Cockell, 2011). The reaction of amino acids profile of Amaranthus hybridus to TeMV infection revealed significance decrease in methionine (35.3%), valine (34.1%), cysteine (31.9%), arginine (26.1%), isoleucine (25.9%), glycine (22.8%), lysine (17.3%), threonine (15.0%), phenylalanine (12.1%) and leucine (11.8%). The chemical composition in mg/100 g (DW) for alkaloid, flavonoid, saponin, tannins, phenols, hydrocyanic acid and phytic acid were 3.54, 0.83, 1.68, 0.49, 0.35, 16.99 and 1.32, respectively. J. Nutr. The study results have demonstrated the significance of these indigenous vegetables in human nutrition and health for rural people in Malawi. The chemical composition in mg/100 g (DW) for alkaloid, flavonoid, saponin, tannins, phenols, hydrocyanic acid and phytic acid were 3.54, 0.83, 1.68, 0.49, 0.35, 16.99 and 1.32, respectively. The Proximate analysis showed the percentage moisture content, ash content, crude protein, crude lipid, crude fibre and carbohydrate Mineral composition of Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves. Both wet and dry samples were analysed. 4). Amino acid composition of Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves. . Levels of some nutrients and antinutrients in 14 commonly consumed tropical green leafy vegetables were evaluated and also screened for some phytochemicals. The mean concentrations of tannin, oxalate, hydrogen cyanide and phytic acid in the seeds of Indian Amaranthus spp. Results obtained revealed that the virus caused significant (p<0.05) reductions in fibre (50.9%), fat (49.7%) and protein (32.5%) in infected, The nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus were investigated using standard analytical methods in order to assess the numerous potential of the plant leaves. The trace and toxic trace elements content were lower than the standard values. Freshly harvested leaves from each of the growing sites were analyzed for proximate composition of beta‐carotene, reduced ascorbic acid, minerals iron, calcium, phosphorous and the antinutrients oxalates and nitrates. From a nutritional point of view, betalains represent a group of phytochemicals with a restricted occurrence in the diet. Furthermore, early harvested leaves showed higher (p < 0.05) rutin, hyperoside, tryptophan, quercetin, and kaempferol rutinoside contents than late harvested leaves. The oil yield of Amaranthus hybridus seeds was 9.76 ± 0.74%. Amaranthus hybridus was grown as a leafy vegetables in four sites in Dar‐Es‐Salaam, Tanzania. Acta Agric. For a more nutritious diet, select foods that fall on the right half of the map. African indigenous underutilized vegetables can play a significant role in the food security of vulnerable groups like under-five children and women in both urban and rural settings. All figure content in this area was uploaded by Nwogo Ajuka Obasi. (Bell and Cherry Peppers). 38: 339-345. leaf. 2006). An index of mineral contents in a biota is the ash content of a sample. vegetables. harvest publishers, University of Benin, Nigeria pp. It can be concluded that both early and late harvested amaranth leaves are a promising source of nutrients and phenolic compounds that can help in providing new opportunities for their use in the food and pharmaceutical industries. 55: 277-2, Biochemistry of plants pigments (Vol. The concentrations of Among the macro elements, the concentrations (0.12-8.37 g/kg) are largely type dependent and statistically different, except for Na (0.12-0.34 g/kg). Results on mineral content showed that G. parviflora had the highest (18.84±0.40% DW) p<0.05 mineral/ash content compared to B. pilosa (13.35±0.07% DW) and Amaranthus spp. The Proximate analysis showed the percentage moisture content, ash content, crude protein, crude lipid, crude fibre and carbohydrate of the leaves as 84.48, 13.80, 17.92, 4.62, 8.61 and 52.18%, respectively while its calorific, The nutritional composition, amino acid profile and anti nutritional factors of raw and boiled Ficus polita fruits were evaluated using standard analytical methods. This vegetable is known as an important source of iron. Amaranth species that are still used as a grain are Amaranthus caudatus L., Amaranthus cruentus L., and Amaranthus hypochondriacus L. The yield of grain amaranth is comparable to rice or maize. This grain is rich in various minerals and vitamins such as thiamine, riboflavin, vitamin B6, panthothenic acid, calcium, folate, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, manganese, zinc and potassium. Tec. The analyzed Ficus polita fruits show appreciable amino acid concentration in both raw and boiled samples. incurvatus Amaranthus hybridus Linnaeus, subsp. Afr. The germinated flour and steeped flour were complemented with groundnut cake flour in ratio of 1:1 in order to improve the nutrients quality of the blends. alanine, arginine, aspartic acid, glutam, plants (Olaofe and Akintayo, 2000; Adeyeye, 2. Many local people in the world were living near the forest use the wild edible plants as food resources, ... (Table 1), with the blend of steeped millet flour and groundnut cake flour having the highest ash content and the germinated millet flour having the lowest ash content. value is 268.92 Kcal/100 g. Elemental analysis in mg/100 g (DW) indicated that the leaves contained sodium (7.43), potassium (54.20), calcium (44.15), Magnesium (231.22), Iron (13.58), Zinc (3.80) and phosphorus (34.91). These values found in the present study were lower than the values reported by Akubugwo et al. Discov. A portion of the dry C. forda larvae was ground and labelled as Sample A. The phytic acid content for Amaranthus spp. Carotenoids were found in a high proportion (158 mg kg -1 ) in S oleraceus. Leaves. respectively. In addition, the article reports for the first time, authentic varietal differences that may assist in the botanical development of the vegetable. 101-12, treatments on the Nutritive Composition and consumer acceptance of, some Nigerian edible leafy vegetables. (Bell and cherry peppers). The nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus were investigated using standard analytical methods in order to assess the numerous potential of the plant leaves. Notes on some little known Amaranthus taxa (Amaranthaceae) in the United States. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Phytochemical Composition, Antioxidant and Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitory Activities of Amaranthus cruentus L. and Amaranthus hybridus L. Extracts. An important nutritional fact is that besides containing a high Reco. Comparing the nutrient and chemical constituents with recommended dietary allowance (RDA) values, the results reveal that the leaves contain an appreciable amount of nutrients, minerals, vitamins, amino acids and phytochemicals and low levels of toxicants. The potential of grain amaranth in meeting the nutrition needs of humans has remained a subject of interest in scientific research. The grain was a staple food of the Aztecs and an integral part of Aztec religious ceremonies. Pak. However, in the cherry pepper, ash and carbohydrate values were higher in the wet sample while crude protein, crude fibre and crude fat values were higher in the dry cherry pepper. Indigenous vegetables are very important in nutritional wellbeing of low resource rural communities especially in developing countries. Flour samples were produced from germinated and steeped millet as well as groundnut cake using standard processing techniques. (15.48±0.14%). Fibre was present in amount above 30 g kg -1 in the three species. Nutr. Nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves from Afikpo, Nigeria. samples was weighed and subjected to dry ashing in a well-cleaned, on a hot plate until brown fumes disappeared. ������������1�� %�쏢 Godwin TW (ed). food chem. Furthermore, the analyzed samples may be good sources of K (3.99-8.37 g/kg), Ca (1.86-2.88 g/kg), and Mg (0.51-1.91 g/ kg). The nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus were investigated using standard analytical methods in order to assess the numerous potential of the plant leaves. The virus caused significant reductions (p<0.05) in vitamin A (55.43%), C (43.1%), B1 (34.6%), B2 (26.6%), B6 (17.8%) and B3 (13.1%), respectively while, reduction in vitamin E was insignificant. 32: 1179-118, NRC (1975). Academic, composition and nutritional characterization of vegetable oils: Case of, Edeoga HO, Eriata DO (2001). According to Onyango (2010), improvement of ... Amaranthus dubius, and Amaranthus hybridus. Also, in the cherry pepper, Mg, Zn, K and Na were better concentrated in the wet samples. Most indigenous vegetables are also believed to contain health promoting compounds such as antioxidants. stream Amaranthus hybridus vegetable, ‘Egusi’ (melon seed), pepper, palm oil, onion, maggi cubes and salt used for the study were purchased from Bodija market in Ibadan, Nigeria. Scand., Sect. Costea M, Sanders A, Waines G, 2001. Effect of drying and cooking on nutritional value and antioxidant capacity of morogo (Amaranthus hybridus) a traditional leafy vegetable grown in South Africa J Food Sci Technol . ����Ҵ����x;�o����[���)=_����R�����v�{����I��`0����^V7{�\/n����瞎��cP����?%-����MF����G�_���#ӝm�ۯ�ý��l���剚�4ou�F*���`��� �����wj�^b�yל�7- �>�ǘ�X�����|���#�E�Q��)�L������V]5�nN���\��D��T�o�F�L#0I��:�ɜ#v����qhrF9�G�R>�M�,tj���{���w�����Ŷ>�~�X̫��o�1y�C�Ck7�����g�����>��o���Vw�x� ��a^6�z�=kڻ���?���|�o>l���_a�G������o�7�-���i��:�O�|�?��ih�u�th�:m�џ�"�D. The burden of malnutrition in Africa calls for deeper exploration of underutilized species which are rich in nutrients and have the potential to reduce food and nutrition insecurity. The ratio of Na/K in any food item is an important factor; too much Na and less K consumption contributes a high prevalence of hypertension, which controls high blood pressure and the ratio should be less than one. J. Agric. 2000). Results on anti-nutrient content with respect to phytic and oxalic acids showed that all the three indigenous vegetables contained low and safe levels of antinutrients. Amino acid analyses shows that S.dulcificum pulp contains 8.055%, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. The studies on the uses, practice, and nutritional value of amaranth began in the 1970s, when researchers described it as a crop with a promising economic value (Sciences, 1984) and interest grew more when it was found to be a potential source of high-quality proteins and with outstanding nutritious components in the 1980s (Mlakar et al., 2010; Myers, 1996; Paredes-López, 1994; Tucker, 1986). Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu Alike Ikwo, (75.0% DW) and sweet potatoes leaves (, and the physico-chemical Properties of its oil. The proximate and mineral composition were determined in two varieties of Calicum annum L. commonly found in the Nigerian markets. statistics. Bioche, glycosides. Major lipids of the Black and Ekoi varieties were identified as lecithins. Increases in infected samples were obtained for glutamic acid (19.8%), aspartic acid (9.5%) and proline (8.9%). The effect of the blend ratio was significant (P <0.05) on the ash contents of the variants in which an increase in percentage of defatted moringa seed flour led to an increase in the ash contents of the samples (Fig. The inclusion of groundnut cake flour in blends significantly influenced all the dependent variables at 95% confidence level. It is believed that these species of Sonchus could be used for nutritional purposes, due to the high concentrations of nutrients that they contain. Anal. The plant has high lysine content. Data derived from this study were analysed for ANOVA using SPSS. Leaves are green or purple with slender stalks and are variable in size. All rights reserved. had the highest crude fat (13.17±0.20%) content compared to B. pilosa and G. parviflora which had 9.00±0.29 and 8.97±0.25%, respectively. A strong positive correlation was observed between nutrition composition and phenolic compounds. tryptophan, 1.35% phenylalanine, 0.7% isoleucine, 0.5% tyrosine, 1.05% methionine, 0.4% proline, 0.69% valine, 1.1% threonine, 0.4% histidine, 0.5% alanine, 1.02% glutamine, 1.6% glutamic acid, 0.7% glycine, 0.3% serine, 1% arginine, 0.1% aspartic acid, 1.23% asparagine, 0.6% lysine and 0.6% leucine. Vitamin C contents were high, and ranged from 457 mg kg -1 (S tenerrimus) to 779 mg kg -1 (S oleraceus). 6 (24), pp. The oil yield of Amaranthus hybridus seeds was 9.76 ± 0.74%. This study reports the authentication of Piper betle L. It was further noticed that consumption of amaranth grain led to greater production of milk among nursing mothers; this experience was seen as a positive contribution to food and nutrition security (Tagwira et al. J. Agric. Nutrition. samples compared to healthy ones. 8 0 obj incurvatus (Grenier & Godron) Brenan, Watsonia 4: 268. Proximate Composition and Some Nutritionally Valuable Minerals of Two Varieties of Capsicum annumL. Green amaranth (Amaranthus viridis) IMPORTANT INFORMATION : This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982). Ekop AS (2007). Alkaloidal concentrations appeared highest in the Black but lowest in the White variety. The proximate composition, as well as the content of mineral elements (Na, K, Ca, Mg, P, Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn), fatty acids, vitamin C, carotenoids and oxalic acid were determined. belongs to Amaranthaceae family and produces a pseudo-cereal grain. Sida, 19:931-974. Costea M, Sanders A, Waines G, 2001. Total phenolic content ranged from 22639±26.0 to 28672±45.1 mg GAE/kg with Amaranthus spp. BASIONYM: Amaranthus incurvatus Grenier & Godron 1846. Econ. The peppers are good sources of calcium, magnesium, sodium, zinc and iron which are important components of bone and supporting tissues, body osmotic pressure, enzymes and blood formation respectively. J. Sci. Global J. Vegetable Ama-ranthus can be easily distinguished by inflorescence features like mostly or exclusively axillary glomerules or short spikes (Fig. Amaranth is a group of more than 60 different species of grains that have been cultivated for about 8,000 years. Food Chem. Sida, 19(4):975-992. Conclusively, germination and supplementation significantly increased the nutrient quality of the blends and improved their functional properties. The findings and their implications are discussed with special reference to possible nutrient interactions, dietetic and nutritional values of the leafy vegetable to humans. <> Afr. J. Biotechnol. var. This chapter addresses the value of different Amaranthus [L.] species that have been recorded in Nigeria. Ngoroyemoto N, Gupta S, Kulkarni MG, Finnie JF, Van Staden J. Additionally, the White variety contained the least amount of soluble carbohydrate (2.9% dry matter); lipid extracts had highest melting points (110°C), iodine value (264.7), least saponification value (112.2) and linolenic acid was the lipid of prominence. B, Plant Soil Sci. Soup preparation The vegetable soups were prepared traditionally (by … Mineral element contents were similar to other green leafy vegetables. Comparative nutritional studies on three local varieties of Heinsia crinita, Phytochemical screening and nutrient-antinutrient composition of selected tropical green leafy vegetables, Nutritional composition of Sonchus species (S asper L, S oleraceus L and S tenerrimus L), Nutritional aspects of fruits and vegetables consumption, Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Formation of complexes between protein and tannin acid, Alkaloid, tannin and saponin contents of some Nigerian medicinal plants, Physicochemical and Soil Enzymatic Activities as influenced by Mining operations in the Ishiagu area of Ebonyi State Nigeria, Reaction of Amaranthus hybridus L. (Green) to Telfairia Mosaic Virus (TeMV) Infection, Nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves from Afikpo, Nigeria. www.nap.edu (Retriev. smooth pigweed. This work was carried out to investigate the physicochemical and nutritional properties of oil extracted from seeds of Amaranthus hybridus, an important leafy vegetable of Côte d’Ivoire. Pure. This review therefore aims at discussing the current knowledge of the inherent potentials of grain amaranths, its current application in the food industry and proposes a framework for actions and partnerships required to scale up and improve amaranth value chain. Physicochemical properties of extracted oil were as follow: specific gravity (0.92 ± 0.01), refractive index (1.47 ± Only red beet, Swiss chard, Amaranthus, cactus pear, pitahaya, and some tubers, and their derived products provide betalains to our diet. The vitamin composition of the leaves in mg/100 g (DW) was-carotene (3.29), thiamine (2.75), riboflavin (4.24), niacin (1.54), pyridoxine (2.33), ascorbic acids (25.40) and-tocopherol (0.50). The results, which referred to fresh weight, emphasised the low proportion of available carbohydrates. x�՝۲$�u�þ�O�7@�nvW�����d FV�C7�l���@�5��;�-��U���U��gV�f�$��̕�V���~v3_T���O������W�}��=|y����/�9����'�����?���}}�8�u1[-��l�^��ٽ'Wo��νo�6�_��^����Q��U�~qh/��7͏7�����^�ק��lڻ��O�u���?n��N�?C��h������1��䜌+g���u-���^5���_�g�����������p���G�n������oo7Ȭ�� Determination of che, toxicants in the seed of Indian Almond (, Nig. Piper betle L. (betel) is largely consumed for mastication, mouth freshening, and medicinal purposes throughout the world. two Nigerian Medical plants. In order to solve malnutrition among the infants in developing countries, there is need to fortify commonly consumed low protein staple foods with inexpensive plant protein sources. 1d). Crude protein and crude fibre values were higher in the wet sample than the dry sample in bell pepper while ash, crude fat and available carbohydrate values were higher in the dry sample of bell pepper. 2014 Apr;51(4):736-42. doi: 10.1007/s13197-011-0560-4. The demand of consumers from around the world for natural, nutritional and palatable pork meat is increasing with time. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. 1961. Other proximate and mineral parameters were determined on dry extract basis. between protein and tannin acid. Effect of organic biostimulants on the growth and biochemical composition of Amaranthus hybridus L. South African Journal of Botany. Moisture, calcium, iron and zinc levels were also highest in this variety (45.2% wet weight, 105.6 mg/100 g, 19.9 mg/100 g and 2.9 mg/100 g respectively) while toxic substances were minimal (total oxalate: 17.1 mg/100 g; HCN: 8.1 mg/100 g; tannins: 5.0 mg/100 g). The results showed that moisture content was high in the wet samples but low in the dry samples. . To the remaining. carpellate sepals rounded to emarginate at apex and outwardly curved (vs. A. hybridus, with carpellate sepals acute to subacute at apex and erect). ARTICLE HISTORY. Preliminary results toward a revision of the Amaranthus hybridus species complex (Amaranthaceae). (betel) is largely consumed for mastication, mouthfreshening, and medicinal purposes throughout the world. Among the elements analyzed by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission, and mass spectrometric (ICP-OES, ICP-MS) techniques, K, Fe, Mn, and Ni content were higher in animal welfare pork meat. which is an index of mineral contents in biota, is low, some edible green leafy vegetables of Southern, and Nigeria Agbo, 2004; Gupta et al., 2005), vegetables have low energy values (Lintas, 199. diseases because its Na/K is less than one. along the value chain for food and nutrition security: A review, NUTRITIONAL EVALUATION OF SOME WILD EDIBLE TUBEROUS PLANTS AS AN ALTERNATIVE FOODS Identification and conservation of the tropical edible plants in Sumatra View project Identification of indigenous fruit plants as conservation of local genetic resources in support of National Food Diversification and Security View project NUTRITIONAL EVALUATION OF SOME WILD EDIBLE TUBEROUS PLANTS AS AN ALTERNATIVE FOODS, Evaluation of weaning food blends from modified millet and groundnut cake flour, Proximate and phytochemical composition of selected indigenous leafy vegetables consumed in Malawi, Authentication of Leaves and Petioles of Piper betle L. Varieties via Elemental Composition and Multivariate Chemometric Analysis, Nutritional and Phenolic Profile of Early and Late Harvested Amaranth Leaves Grown Under Cultivated Conditions, Authentication of Leaves and Petioles of Piper betle L. Varieties via Elemental Composition and Multivariate Chemometric Analysis Authentication of Leaves and Petioles of Piper betle L. Varieties via Elemental Composition and Multivariate Chemometric Analysis, Nutritional properties of fonio starch–defatted moringa seed flour blends prepared at different ratios, Comparative studies of the level of toxicant in the seeds of Terminalia catappa (Indian Almond) and Coula edulis (African Walnut), A method for phytic acid determination in wheat and wheat fraction. Ghana J. sci. Eastern Anatolia. Higher (p < 0.05) crude protein (CP) and gross energy (GE) were observed in early harvested leaves than late harvested leaves. Proximate, Carbohydrate, Fibre, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, protein and Amino, acid (micro-nutrients). var. In this study, nutrient composition of three commonly consumed indigenous leafy vegetables in Malawi namely Amaranth (Amaranthus species), Black jack (Bidens pilosa) and Mwamuna aligone/gallant soldier (Galinsoga parviflora) was determined. 11: 75-81. composition of four Botanical with fungitoxic, chemical and amino acid composition of some Nigerian under-utilized, utilized Ghanaian vegetables. Comparing the nutrient and chemical constituents with recommended dietary allowance (RDA) values, the results reveal that the leaves contain an appreciable amount of nutrients, minerals, vitamins, amino acids and phytochemicals and low levels of toxicants. Glutamic acid and aspartic acid dominates (11.89-12.04 and 10.11-10.61%) the amino acid profile of the sample. Their concentrations were also compared with the concentration of the respective toxicants in 29: 255-259. Nutritional Value In 98 grams of Amaranth, 9.35 grams of protein is found along with 45.98 grams of Carbohydrate and 5.2 grams of fiber. In addition, late harvested leaves had higher (p < 0.05) calcium, magnesium, and sodium contents than early harvested leaves; early harvested leaves had higher (p < 0.05) threonine, lysine, and leucine contents than late harvested leaves. The trace elements were in safe limits, except for Mn and Pb.Using multivariate principal component analysis (PCA) and linear dis-criminant analyses (LDA), the variability indices were 85.5% and100%, respectively. African Journal of Biotechnology. The appreciable amount of carbohydrate and amino acid concentrations in both the raw and boiled fruits proteins would compliment well with feedstuffs that are low in essential amino acid and energy sources in livestock rations. 2898.00mg/100g, 48.40mg/100g, 10.80mg/100g and 1932.00mg/100g respectively. Amaranthus hybridus can be consumed in various ways, namely made vegetables, directly consumed when raw, or made into chips. Costea M, Tardif FJ, 2003. Amaranthus hybridus L. is one of such indigenous leafy vegetables rediscovered as a promising food crop mainly due to its superior nutritional value of both seeds and leaves. In the seed of the African walnut fruits, the corresponding mean concentrations were The low levels of antinutrients (phytic acid, tannic acid and oxalate) coupled with high level of zinc biovalability indicates that the studied vegetables are good dietary supplements. Fernand W. Nana, A. Hilou, J. Millogo, O. Nacoulma; ... Corpus ID: 135078. The vitamin composition of the leaves in mg/100 g (DW) was β-carotene (3.29), thiamine (2.75), riboflavin (4.24), niacin (1.54), pyridoxine (2.33), ascorbic acids (25.40) and α-tocopherol (0.50). diethyl ether using a Soxhlet apparatus for 2 h. Ireland), as outlined in Adeyeye and Afolabi (2004). Nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves from Afikpo, Nigeria. LWT-Food Sci. (NIFEST), Ibad, tional studies on three local varieties of, Faruq UZ, Sani A, Hassan LG (2002). This study analyzed macro (Ca, K, Mg, Na, P), micro (Fe, Zn, Cr, Mn, Ni, Cu, Se, Sr, Cs), trace (Li, Be, V, Co, Ga, Ba, U), and toxic trace (As, Cd, TI, and Pb) elements of pork meat from conventional and animal welfare farms in South Korea. . 2833-2839, 17 December, 2007, Available online at http://www.academicjournals.org/AJB, ISSN 1684–5315 © 2007 Academic Journals. Hence, chemometrics is a promising approach forthe authentication of betel varieties. Results showed that crude protein expressed on dry weight basis ranged from 15.83±0.19 to 19.04±0.33 with B. pilosa registering the highest value and G. parviflora the lowest. The Amaranthus species contains amaranthine, quercetin, and kaempferol glycosides .A. Morogo has a higher nutritional value than vegetables such as lettuce, cabbage, cassava, sweet potatoes, and spinach. Plant Foods Hum. (AFANG) seeds. Ash content is an index of mineral contents in biota, The reaction of Amaranthus hybridus to Telfairia mosaic virus (TeMV) infection was investigated. This plant originated in America, but it has spread all over the world. Usually they are alternate, simple having entire margins and distinct markings that depend on species. The samples were analyzed for Ca, Cd, Tl, and Pb by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) and ICP-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Furthermore, the analyzed samples may be goodsources of K (3.99-8.37 g/kg), Ca (1.86-2.88 g/kg), and Mg (0.51-1.91 g/kg). Amaranthus hybridus . Flowers vary interspecifically from the presence of 3 or 5 tepals and stamens, whereas a 7-porate pollen grain structure remains consistent across the family. Chemical composition of Amaranthus hybridus L. Leaves. vegetable analysis (Asibey-Berko and Tayie, 1999). The TeMV caused significant reduction in phytic acid while infection led to increases in total oxalate, soluble oxalate and hydrocyanide acid. Nutritional value of Amaranthus Authors: Mahesh Kumar Samota Amaranthus has been rediscovered as a promising food crop mainly due to its resistance to heat, drought, diseases and pests, and the high nutritional value of both seeds and leaves. This studyreports the authentication ofPiper betleL. These are Amaranthus blitum, A. dubius, A. caudatus, A. cruentus, A. deflexus, A. graecizans, A. hybridus, A. hypochondriacus, A. retroflexus, A. spinosus, A. thunbergii, A. tricolor and A. viridis. The principal component and linear discriminant analyses (PCA, LDA) explained the highest variance (99.82%, 99.00%) of the group based on toxic elements. Content available from Nwogo Ajuka Obasi: Content available from Eziuche Amadike Ugbogu: All content in this area was uploaded by Nwogo Ajuka Obasi on Dec 02, 2016, All content in this area was uploaded by Eziuche Amadike Ugbogu, African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 2019;124:87-93. Amaranth´s nutritional composition: Amaranthus spp. This study evaluated the nutritional and chemical profile of amaranth leaves harvested at days 65 and 120. Orient. Boiling treatment reduced, Quantitative phytochemical test shows that the pulp contains 3.45% saponin, 57.01%`flavonoids, 7.12% tannin, 0.0001% alkaloids, 0.0001% glycosides, 0.0003% resins, 0.0002% terpenoids, 0.0001% steroids and 0.0003% cyanogenic glycosides.Antinutrient analyses of the pulp show 5.67% oxalate, 0.03% phytates and 0.02% hemagglutanin. Crude protein, fat, fibre and ash recorded ranges from 20.59 to 38.18, 5.90 to 12.73, 6.20 to 7.20 and 8.00 to 25.49%, respectively. Prentices Hall, London, pp. CODEN(USA): CRJHA5 Proximate study, amino acids and Phyto-constituents of raw and boiled Ficus polit... Phytochemical, Antinutrient and Amino Acid Composition of Synsepalum dulcificum Pulp. Bot. This paper describes a preliminary assessment of the nutraceutical value of Amaranthus cruentus (A. cruentus) and Amaranthus concentration of phytic acid reported for some common fruits. the moisture content (4.80%), crude protein (8.59%), ash (9.12%), crude fibre (9.55%), and fat (0.96%) while the carbohydrate and energy contents increased (70.85% and 1385.66Kcal/kg). Minerals on dry extract basis showed that Ca, Mg, Zn, Fe and Na were more concentrated in the wet sample than in the dry sample of bell pepper. 52: 17-30. ture, ash, crude lipid, crude fibre and nitrogen content. Tec. Food Agric. . Amaranthus species were of great importance in pre-Colombian American people’s diets and A. cruentus and A. hybridus have a high nutritional value (Fernand et In order to lessen this burden; protein, calorie and micronutrient deficiencies must be properly addressed for optimal growth and development to be attained. Int. 6(1): 40-43. Amaranth seeds contain significant amounts of high-quality proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, dietary fiber, vitamins and minerals, as shown in Figure 2 & Table 1. Amaranthus hybridus subsp. Early harvested leaves had higher serine, aspartic acid, glutamine, alanine, and proline contents than late harvested leaves. The moisture, protein, fat, crude fibre, ash, carbohydrate, energy, viscosity and water hydration capacity ranged from 2.60-740%, 9.70-27.05%, 4.25-13.00%, 1.90-2.35%, 1.31-2.65%, 52.63-74.25%, 381.25-435.72 Kcal, 201.25 - 3360.00 cps and 0.415 -1.305 ml/g respectively. Samples were collected, air-dried, and milled to pass through a 1-mm sieve before analysis. suitability as an edible vegetable or otherwise. registering the highest value and G. parviflora the lowest. The trace elements were in safe limits, except for Mn and Pb. Innov. Leafy vegetable amaranths include the species such as A. lividus, Amaranthus tricolor, A. gangeticus, A. dubius, A.blitum and A. hybridus. Amaranth leaves are edible vegetables with high nutritional value that depends on the harvest stage. Alkaloid, tannin and Saponin contents of. Supercritical Carbon dioxide Extraction, (2000). ... concentration of phytic acid compared to G. parviflora (0.5013±0.0113) and B. pilosa (0.3264±0.0192). Antioxidant capacity in mg vitamin C Equiv./g DW, ranged from 49.403±0.105 to 59.186±0.0608 with G. parviflora registering the highest value compared to the other two indigenous vegetables. 39, of Ascorbic Acid from plants. hybridus leaves are used as an antidote for snake and scorpion bite [13,14]. European Scientific Journal August 2014 edition vol.10 PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND NUTRITIVE CHARACTERIZATION OF HIGH VALUE NON- CONVENTIONAL OIL FROM SEEDS OF AMARANTHUS HYBRIDUS LINN Chantal A. Diemeleou Lessoy T. Zoue Sebastien L. Niamke 0 0 University Félix Houphouet Boigny (UFHB), Laboratory of Biotechnology, Biosciences Faculty , Abidjan , Côte d'Ivoire … The boiled samples increase the concentrations of arginine, cystine, isoleucine, threonine, methionine, tryptophan and phenylalanine (histidine, leucine, lysine, Gluatime, aspartate acid and reduced in alanine, valine, serine and proline. Ficus polita fruits can be used as an energy source to curtail with the problem of deficiency in energy feedstuffs in the developing countries. Amaranthus dubius, Amaranthus hybridus, Amaranthus spinosus, Asystasia gangetica, Bidens pilosa, Centella asiatica, Ceratotheca triloba, ... 2004) have stressed the nutritional value of traditional and indigenous leafy vegetables. reported in this study was lower than the value of 6.69 and 13.2 mg/kg reported in Nigeria for Amaranthus spinosus and A. hybridus L. (Agbaire, 2011; ... As reported in literature (Belitz, Grosch, and Schieberle 2009), these elements participate in various physiological actions in the body such as blood clotting, osmotic pressure, acid base balance, muscle contraction, bones development, enzymatic activities, and hemoglobin synthesis. Amaranthus hybridus is a herbal plant that is grown to be consumed leaves. close to unity (Gull-Guerrero et al., 1998). J, maturation. These levels were far below toxic limits. The closer a food is to the right edge of the map, the more essential nutrients per calorie it contains. ; Bangla, Sanchi, Misti,Khasia, and BARI Paan 3. Amaranth is considered one of the most commonly produced and consumed indigenous vegetables on the African continent with high nutritional potentials but yet to be fully exploited. The virus also engendered significant reductions in the contents of Na, P, Fe, Mg, Cu and Ca with marginal reduction for K in infected samples when compared to the healthy. Amaranthus hybridus reaction to TeMV infection revealed marked reductions in the nutritional quality of the vegetable that is a major source of nutrient for both rural and urban dwellers. Essential fatty acids of the ω13 series were highest in S oleraceus (44.97%). The concentration of phytic acid in these fruits was relatively higher than the The paper presents chemical data on three local varieties of Heinsia crinita, a leafy green vegetable commonly consumed in South Eastern Nigeria. 2007;6(24):2833. Species across the genus contain concentric rings of vascular bundles, and fix carbon efficiently with a C4 photosynthetic pathway. ; Bangla, Sanchi, Misti, Khasia, and BARI Paan 3. Analyses of the nutritional composition of tender leaves of three species of Sonchus (S. asper L, S. oleraceus L and S. tenerrimus L) from different locations in the south east of Spain were carried out. Proximate composition of Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves. Amaranthus powellii: bracteoles mostly 4.5--6 mm long, mostly 2--3 times as long as the sepals (vs. A. hybridus, with bracteoles mostly 2.5--4 mm long, 1.2--2 times as long as the sepals). J. Che. IOSR Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences. obtain a dried powdered sample that was used for all the analyses. Inst. This accounts in part for protein and mineral deficiency which prevails among the populace. Infected and healthy (control) leaf samples were obtained, pulverized and analyzed to determine the nutritional quality of the vegetable due to TeMV infection. Saponin was present in all the vegetables with the exception of Hibiscus esculentus, Solanum macrocarpon and Piper guineese while only tannin was absent in Crassocephalum crepidioides, Talinum triangulare, Corchorous olitorius and Piper guineese. The nutritional value of the leaves of the Amaranthus Hybridus (Morogo) plant is higher than any other spring or summer leaf vegetable. Nutritional evaluation of chemical component of leaves, stalks, toxic composition of three varieties of, Consumption. Niger. NUTRITIONAL TARGET MAP™ The Nutritional Target Map™ allows you to see at a glance how foods line up with your nutritional and weight-management goals. The nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus were investigated using standard analytical methods in order to assess the numerous potential of the plant leaves. Seventeen amino acids (isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, cysteine, phenylalmine, tyrosine, threonine, valine, alanine, arginine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glycine, histidine, proline and serine) were detected. 51(27): 7913-7, He HP, Corke H, Cai JG (2003). Many of the local vegetable materials The varieties were bell pepper (tatase) and cherry pepper (rodo). The proximate composition (%) of the raw fruit meal showed moisture content (5.23%), ash (11.88%), fat (2.09%), fibre (10.42%), protein (9.44) and carbohydrate (66.17%) and energy value of 1362.70 Kcal/kg. The Proximate analysis showed the percentage moisture content, ash content, crude protein, crude lipid, crude fibre and carbohydrate of the leaves as 84.48, 13.80, 17.92, 4.62, 8.61 and 52.18%, respectively while its calorific value is 268.92 Kcal/100 g. Elemental analysis in mg/100 g (DW) indicated that the leaves contained sodium (7.43), potassium (54.20), calcium (44.15), Magnesium (231.22), Iron (13.58), Zinc (3.80) and phosphorus (34.91). %PDF-1.3 nutritional properties of oil extracted from seeds of Amaranthus hybridus, an important leafy vegetable of Côte d’Ivoire. some edible fruits. nutritional value of both seeds and leaves (Wu et al. Na (0.64 to 8.97 g/100 g) and P (1.34 to 3.34 g/100 g) recorded the highest values of minerals. Of the three varieties studied, the White one was found to have highest protein, and organic matter, but lowest lipids, fibre and calorific value (per cent dry matter: 14.7, 96, 1.4, 12.5 and 394 kcals respectively). Keywords: Morogo, Amaranthus hybridus, Total antioxidant, Phytochemicals, Nutritional value, Leafy vegetables Introduction The global nutrition transition towards more simplified diets high in energy but poor in micronutrients and functional properties is linked with … Nigeria (Edeoga et al., 2005; Okwu and Josiah, endosperm of ripe coconut. of food Sci. Leaves are rich in proteins and micronutrients such as iron,calcium,zinc, vitamin C and vitamin A. Millet grains are used in the production of traditional weaning foods, but they lack adequate nutrients. Elemental composition of pork meat from conventional and animal welfare farms by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) and ICP-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and their authentication via multivariate chemometric analysis, Exploring the potentials of underutilized grain amaranth (Amaranthus spp.) slim amaranth. almond fruits were found to be 3820.00mg/100g, 140.80mg/100g, 8.64mg/100g and 2546.72mg/100g National Research Council. Piper betleL. Samples obtained were analysed for proximate composition (moisture, protein, fat, crude fibre, ash, carbohydrate and energy) and functional properties (viscosity and water hydration capacity) using standard methods. African Journal of Biotechnology; 6: 2833-2839. has been cited by the following article: These findings can thus be used to evaluate animal welfare and conventional farms pork meat quality in South Korea as well as worldwide. Seventeen amino acids (isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, cysteine, phenylalmine, tyrosine, threonine, valine, alanine, arginine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glycine, histidine, proline and serine) were detected. The common staple crops are not able to meet daily requirements for both macro- and micro-nutrients. these toxicants in the two seeds were significantly different from each other when subjected to t-test leaves in Mozambique. recommended factor (2.44, 8.37 and 3.57 respectively) used in. T. protein and fats (Adeyeye and Otokiti, 1999). Amaranth is a herbaceous plant or shrub that is either annual or perennial across the genus. The focus of this study was to investigate the nutritional value of wild vegetables commonly consumed by the people of Buhera District in the Manicaland province of Zimbabwe. Results of the anti-nutritional factors showed that raw Ficus polita fruits had phytate values of (1.25%), oxalate (0.38%), tannin (0.18%), saponin (6.50%) and cyanogenic glycosides (10.08 mg/100g) compared with boiled fruits which shows reduction in concentrations of tannin (50%), oxalate (28.95%), saponin (13.85%), phytate (8.80%) and glycoside (41.37%) with values of 0.09, 0.27, 5.60, 1.14 % and glycoside (5.95mg/100g), respectively. Generality of Nigerians depend on starch-based foods as the main staple food for the supply of both energy and protein. Akubugwo, I. E.*, Obasi, N. A., Chinyere G. C. and Ugbogu A. E. Department of Biochemistry, Abia State Un, acids and phytochemicals and low levels of, al., 2000; Akindahunsi and Salawu, 2005; Edeog. Using multivariate principal component analysis (PCA) and linear dis-criminant analyses (LDA), the variability indices were 85.5% and 100%, respectively.
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