This controversy was precipitated when Professor Charles Hapgood published, in 1965, his theory about Antarctica in the book Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings. This conclusion is further supported by a comparison of the Oronteus Fineaus [sic] Map with the results obtained by International Geophysical Year teams in their measurements of the subglacial topography. Among all the maps … The Buache Map is an 18th century map commonly claimed to accurately depict the continent of Antarctica before it was buried by ice. The Piri Reis map was found in Turkey. Harold Z. Ohlmeyer Lt. Professor Hapgood and his students theorized that the Piri Reis map had to have been based on information older than 4,000 BCE. The earliest known world maps date to classical antiquity, the oldest examples of the 6th to 5th centuries BCE still based on the flat Earth paradigm. A number of scholars who have examined the map claim it clearly shows the west coast of Africa, the east coast of South America and the northern coast of Antarctica – but not covered in sheet ice. Other versions of the same map just show a big blank space there. Geological evidence confirms that the latest date Queen Maud Land could have been charted in an ice-free state is 4000 BC. Researchers have discovered evidence that Antarctica had a swampy rainforest 90,000 years ago thanks to sediment cores filled with pristine soil … The use of Mercator Projection on the Piri Reis Map could possibly be explained by his use of Greek maps in the creation of his drawing, but there was no explanation for the inclusion of Antarctica without the ice cap. The ancient Piri Reis map of Antarctica and South America from 1513 shows a world that was not then known. Piri Reis map is a world map created by Ottoman-Turkish cartographer Ahmed Muhiddin Piri in 1513. Composed around 1513 from military intelligence by the Ottoman admiral and cartographer Piri Reis, today only around one-third of the map remains in existence. In 1929 the document was found which dates back to the early 15th century and appears to show the world in unprecedented detail. Get our content delivered to your email. This controversy was precipitated when Professor Charles Hapgood published, in 1965, his theory about Antarctica in the book Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings.Professor Hapgood, based at the University of New Hampshire, had studied the Piri Reis Map with his students and found several things that they could not explain. Hi, we understand that enjoy and Ad-free experience while surfing the internet, however, many sites, including ours, depend on ads to continue operating and producing the content you are reading now. The great debate was sparked by Professor Charles Hapgood when he published his theory on the Piri Reis map in his book Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings in 1965. Today, as noted by authors such as Charles Hapgood, Gavin Menzies, and others, various enigmas remain standing about the Piri Reis map, especially in regards to Latin America and the Southern regions of our planet, as the map supposedly outlines the Antarctic continent, but with rivers and mountains that would not have been visible if the continent was covered in ice. Not only does it show Antarctica, but the continent is drawn as a land mass as it would have appeared before it was covered with its ice cap over 6,000 years ago. He stated that he had used 20 different maps and charts as his source documents. This 16th century map shocked the world because it showed the way Antarctica looked without ice. The Piri Reis Map: An Ancient Map Showing Ice-Free Antarctica? The claim that the lower part of the map portrays the Princess Martha Coast of Queen Maud Land Antarctic and the Palmer Peninsula is reasonable. Flemish cartographer Gerardus Mercator devised the cylindrical map projection in 1569. Your request for evaluation of certain unusual features of the Piri Reis World Map of 1513 by this organization has been reviewed. Mr. Charles H. Hapgood Keene Teachers College Keene, N.H. But more recently, it has been revealed that the map, which is based on much older charts of the world, depicts the continent of Antarctica free from ice. This parchment had a map drawn on it, and Deissmann was amazed to see that it appeared to show the outline of South America. Under such influence, ancient world maps started showing an idealized vision of the real world, charted by Biblical events and often including places like the Garden of Eden and Magog as actual locations in the real world. Professor Hapgood and his students proposed that the Piri Reis map had to have been based on information and charts that were older than 4,000 BCE. In the 16 th Century Haji Ahmed Muhiddin Piri was an admiral in the Turkish navy, which at the time never ventured beyond the Mediterranean or the Black Sea. The geographical detail shown in the lower part of the map agrees very remarkably with the results of the seismic profile made across the top of the ice cap by the Swedish-British-Norwegian Antarctic Expedition of 1949. A Turkish Navy officer sent the map … Professor Hapgood went on to state that the topographical representation of the area inland from the coast was so accurate that this ancient super-civilization had to have aerial capabilities in addition to their nautical and cartographic abilities. 8 RECONNAISSANCE TECHNICAL SQUADRON (SAC) UNITED STATES AIR FORCE Westover Air Force Base Massachusetts, To: Prof. Charles H. Hapgood Keene Teachers College Keene, New Hampshire. And another letter by the US Air Force regarding the map: 8 RECONNAISSANCE TECHNICAL SQUADRON (SAC) UNITED STATES AIR FORCE Westover Air Force Base, Mass. 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Unfortunately for some there are maps, dating from at least the early 1500's that not only indicate the existence of Antarctica, but also map its coastline in amazing detail. The ancient map shows the western coasts of Europe and North Africa and the coast of Brazil with reasonable accuracy. In the map’s legend, Piri inscribed that the map was based on about twenty charts and mappae Mundi. This ancient chart was created in 1559, shows incredibly accurate delineations of the western coast of Northern America and Antarctica. A map drawn in 1513 by a Turkish admiral appears to show the coast of Antarctica as ice-free. This indicates the coastline had been mapped before it was covered by the ice-cap. The jury is still out on the question of whether the Piri Reis Map shows Antarctica or not. Ancient Map Shows Antarctica Coastline Without Ice. The map, drawn on gazelle skin parchment, was presented to Ottoman Sultan Selim I in 1517. But those who disagree with what Professor Hapgood and other authors proposed indicate there is afar more logical explanation. The map, drawn on gazelle skin parchment was presented to Ottoman Sultan Selim I in 1517. Our adventure with the study of ancient maps began in the summer of 1977 when Charles Hapgood replied to an article we wrote outlining our belief that Antarctica was once the site of Atlantis. This suggests a time long before any known sophisticated civilizations existed or any well-defined languages were used on Earth. Fomenko’s New Chronology: A Conspirative Chronological Chaos? Ice in Antarctica appeared relatively suddenly— and by suddenly, we mean in geologic terms — about 35 million years ago. We thank you for extending us the opportunity to have participated in the study of these maps. The Piri Reis world map, 1513. By reducing all these maps to one scale this final form was arrived at, so that this map of these lands is regarded by seamen as accurate and as reliable as the accuracy and reliability of the Seven Seas on the aforesaid maps.”. Piri Reis’ use of the portolano projection (centered on Syene, Egypt) was an excellent choice, for it is a developable surface that would permit the relative size and shape of the earth (at that latitude) to be retained. Various Atlantic islands, including the Azores and the Canary Islands, are depicted, as is the mythical island of Antillia and possibly Japan. The Oronce Finé World Map created in 1534, is an early cordiform chart which displays features of Antarctica when the continent was not covered by Ice. The Cordiform Projection used by Oronteus Fineaus [sic] suggests the use of advanced mathematics. (Page of tag Antarctica) It is in the Library of Congress. This means that it was 35 million years ago when the continent was last ice-free. In Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings, Dr. Charles Hapgood published the Piri Reis Map of Antarctica. Measuring roughly 35 by 24 inches, the map is currently in pieces, but the surviving ones show different pieces of the world as … If you believe that this depiction is of the lower coast of South America, then you will probably scoff at the idea of an ancient advanced civilization. In 1950 American expedition Deep Freeze managed to “reveal” the geography of the icy continent. He and a team of students at the University of New Hampshire studied the map and found many anomalies, such as the use of mercatorial projection and the inclusion of a pre-ice Antarctica. The Piri Reis (1513) and Oronteus Fineaus [sic] (1531) maps sent to us by you presented a delightful challenge, for it was not readily conceivable that they could be so accurate without being forged. We are committed to reducing the number of ads shown on the site. Until there is absolute proof to support one or the other theory, the arguments will continue. The ice-cap in this region is now about a mile thick. Colonel, USAF Commander. The history of Antarctica emerges from early Western theories of a vast continent, known as Terra Australis, believed to exist in the far south of the globe.The term Antarctic, referring to the opposite of the Arctic Circle, was coined by Marinus of Tyre in the 2nd century AD.. For one thing, the map appears to show Antarctica almost 300 years before it was discovered. So we cannot claim that a supposed older source map was accurate. Alien UFO found in Antarctica is 100 percent proof of ancients aliens on Earth - odd claim ALIEN hunters believe they have found a UFO in Antarctica which they claim is … Close examination has proved the original source maps must have been compiled at a time when the land mass and inland waterways of the continent were relatively free of ice. Does the Piri Reis map really show Antarctica free from ice? We are convinced that the findings made by you and your associates are valid and that they raise extremely important questions affecting geology and ancient history, questions which certainly require further investigation. As seen in the above map, other theories attempt to correlate the lower boundary of the Miri Reis chart with the coast of Argentina’s Patagonia region and the Falkland Islands. This is long before any known sophisticated civilizations or any well-defined languages; the map introduces the theory of an ancient civilization that had the skills to navigate the world’s oceans, and accurately chart the lands they visited. While cataloging antique items he found a … He said evidence of this was in the 500-year-old Piri Reis map – a world map drawn up by the Ottoman admiral of the same name. The Greeks were able to create cylindrical maps based on their knowledge o… World map of Cosa (1500). Discovery of the Map Getty Images / BuzzFeed Like whoa! In 1819, Fabián von Bellingshausen discovered the landmass of Antarctica for the first time. Cuba already appears as an island. The Piri Reis mapping appears far more advanced than typical 16th century cartography, leading some to ascribe to theories that the map may be proof of the presence of “off-worlders,” or Antarctica aliens … If this is not simply the coast of South America, that would mean South America and Antarctica were joined at Uruguay and that Argentina is a recent addition to the land mass. Dozens of theories have been put forward to try and explain the mystery of the Piri Reis Map. Ancient Babylonian Conservative Map. Today, as much as 98% of Antarctica is covered by ice that averages 1.9 km (1.2 mi; 6,200 ft) in thickness and extends to all but the northernmost reaches of the Antarctic Peninsula. We’d concluded that Hapgood’s theory of earth crust displacement was the missing link that could unravel the mystery of the lost island continent. It is not very often that we have an opportunity to evaluate maps of ancient origin. In that map, the … Wikimedia Commons The section of the Piri Reis map that shows Antarctica. )-Only one version of Buache’s famous map exists that shows Antarctica. Hypothesis that attempts to correlate the lower boundary of the Piri Reis map of the coast of Argentine Patagonia and the Falkland Islands. Kircher did not have the benefit of seeing an ice free map of Antarctica.In his time the continent had not even been discovered, let alone explored. The identification of this area of the map with the frigid Antarctic coast is also difficult to reconcile with the notes on the map which describe the region as having a warm climate. The perfection and details of the map have been the subject of debate among scholars for decades. Ancient Origins articles related to Antarctica in the sections of history, archaeology, human origins, unexplained, artifacts, ancient places and myths and legends.
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