Amid the current public health and economic crises, when the world is shifting dramatically and we are all learning and adapting to changes in daily life, people need wikiHow more than ever. Swipe left or right to see more examples for the word you’re learning. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or its affiliates. A List Of Grammar Questions? If we want to ask a question in English, the order is QWASM: Question word, Auxiliary verb, Subject, Main verb. Asking “Five W” Questions The trick is to form a basic sentence, then invert the word order to create a question. The basic formula is below. FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into language learning experiences. Nina played the violin. Questions can be a little difficult in English. Active Or Passive Form For 'Start'? Create a new survey and edit it with others at the same time. That's the way how to form Questions. (Notice the new form of “to play” to accommodate the new structure.). FluentU is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. The “five Ws” are the question words who, what, when, where and why. Yes/No questions are questions which we answer with Yes or No. Learning how to ask questions in English will take some time and practice. Free with a Google account. So if the verb in the sentence is positive (e.g. → The students are visiting the museum, aren’t they? For example, if you just walk up to a stranger and ask, “How do you get to the airport?” they might be taken aback by the directness of the question. Questions? Examples: 1. The question would be, “Did Kyle play soccer yesterday? The videos are organized by genre and level, so it’s super easy to find the ones that work for you. To make questions, we often put the verb before the subject. Now let’s move on to the structures for forming five common types of questions. % of people told us that this article helped them. The basic formula is below. (Download). In the direct question, the verb “is” comes before the subject “bookstore.” But in the indirect question, the verb is moved to the end. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. For example, if you need to know the time, asking a stranger, “What time is it?” may sound a bit rude or abrupt. All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published, This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. FluentU is a fun tool to hear how real English speakers form and use questions. If you’re not asking about the subject, there’ll be some word order inversion. Depending on the type of question you want to ask, you may need to move words around in the sentence. They are used as auxiliary verbs for negative statements or simple present questions. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn English with real-world videos. wikiHow's. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. If the sentence is “Kyle played soccer yesterday,” turn the statement into a question by adding “Did” to the beginning and dropping the “-ed” off of the verb. This is true for sentences with be, sentences that have auxiliary verbs (e.g. A brief PPT showing how to ask questions in English Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. When there’s no auxiliary verb, use the “do” verb form in the question tag. Must theycome for dinner? Learn and practise all the question forms and question words in English, and find out about the most common mistakes. For example, to find out about cost you could ask, “How much does a haircut cost?” or “How much for a hot dog?”, To determine a quantity, you could ask, “How many cookies should I bake?” or “How many people will come to dinner?”. For example, if you tap on the word “brought,” then you see this: You can learn any video’s vocabulary with FluentU’s fun quizzes. The sentence can be anything you like, as long as it is not too complicated. Last Updated: March 29, 2019 For example, you could ask, “Could you please tell me how to get to the airport?” or “Do you know how to get to the airport?”, You could also ask, “Could you please tell me the time?” or “Do you know the time?”, For example, if you want to ask, “Where is the bus stop?” you could say, “Do you know where the bus stop is?”, To find out the time, you could ask, “Could you please tell me what time it is?”, For example, if you want to confirm when you need to head to the airport, you might say to your travel companion, “We need to leave for the airport at 7:00am tomorrow morning, don’t we?”, Or, you might confirm that a friend is picking you up at a certain time by saying, “You will be here to get me at 6:30pm tonight, won’t you?”, For example, if you want to confirm when dinner will be served, you might say, “Dinner is served at 6:30pm.”, To find out where you are meeting up with someone, you could say, “We are meeting at the fountain.”. Questions: statement questions ( you’re over 18? ) This would be a good situation to use an indirect question. So you ask: Didn’t you hear the news? Must youbehave that way? Question Forms and Reported Speech Word order Normal word order is used in reported questions, that is, the subject comes before the verb, and it is not necessary to use 'do' or 'did': Who - asking for a person and animal: object: do, does, did. 3. [Sentence] + , + [opposite form of the same verb used in sentence] + [subject pronoun]? For example, you could ask, “When are we going to the theater?”, You could also ask, “When should I expect you?”. The Meaning Of "Simple" In "Simple Tense Form"? With some practice and patience, you will be asking all kinds of questions in English before you know it! Tap or click on any word to see what it means, learn how to use it, hear it pronounced and more. This is another good situation to use an indirect question. wikiHow's Content Management Team carefully monitors the work from our editorial staff to ensure that each article is backed by trusted research and meets our high quality standards. Now we need to restructure the sentence like this: Notice how the subject also has to get moved in between the auxiliary verb and main verb for this type of sentence. Now, you try it! Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Start by writing a simple sentence in English. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. If the sentence has an auxiliary or modal verb, that’s the one you’ll need to move. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. [Negative verb contraction] + [subject] + [main verb] + [other information]? Forming questions in English can be confusing. The next time you have a burning question for an English speaker, you’ll know how to ask it! WH-questions are questions starting with WH-words including: what, when, where, who, whom, which, whose, why and how.Question words are used to ask about specific qualities, times, places, people and so on. Who - asking for a person and animal: subject: no do, does, did. What can you draw? FluentU also keeps track of your learning, then suggests videos and examples perfect for you. The structure of a “wh- question” is usually like this: [“Wh-” Question Word/Phrase] + [Auxiliary Verb] + [Subject] + [Main Verb] + [Object or Other Information] + ? Auxiliary verbs are … Forming questions in English is not always very easy because sometimes we have to change the structure of the sentence. You just replace the subject with a wh- word. If you understand how to form yes/no questions, then it’s very easy to form “wh-” questions. Quickly create quizzes to measure student knowledge, evaluate class progress, and focus on subjects that need improvement. Auxiliary Verbs in Object Questions. When we want to be more polite we often use indirect question forms. Write a question for "We are on a family occasion. Tom helped in the garden.Who helped in the garden? Is she a nice girl? Let’s start with the example sentence we used above. For these questions, we’ll need to replace part of the sentence with a wh- word. For example, you could ask, “How do you get to the university?” to get directions. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. (to ask about the number or amount). They usually begin with a verb, including auxiliary verbs (a “helping” verb that comes before the main verb) or modal verbs (such as can or would). Grammar Questions? In fact, to create the interrogative form of “must”, all we have to do isinvert the subject and “must” and our interrogative is formed. Do Nina and Thomas play the violin? Questions are everywhere in English pop culture. Again, let’s start with a basic sentence. Do Does questions are common in English. When you feel ready for a challenge, try the interesting exercises at englisch-hilfen. If the sentence has no auxiliary verb and the main verb isn’t “to be,” things are a little different. It’s okay to make mistakes as long as you continue to practice and learn from them. Remember, the more you practice, the easier and more familiar they’ll become. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Must wego to the cinema tonight? T he main verb follows the subject, and the rest of the sentence follows it.. Second, questions almost always need a helping verb along with the main verb. Few, Tag Questions? For example: You could also use it to confirm whether something you already know or think you know is true. ¿Dónde está la biblioteca? → Is the boat sinking? To change this sentence into a question, simply move the verb to the beginning. This type of question is also made up of two parts, where the first part … A negative question can also be used to ask for confirmation of a negative belief. Can you swim? Here’s a very basic example: This is the formula we’ll be using throughout this post—we’ll show you how it’s done depending on the type of question you need. → It is raining now, isn’t it? Polite requests, offers, complaints etc. We can also use where to ask about the location. This article has been viewed 22,232 times. Don’t worry – I’m going to teach you a simple … → Did Nina play the violin? You could also ask, “Who will pick me up to go to the airport tomorrow?” to find out the name of the person. Where is the library? Acre Or Acres (Decimal Form)? About the Book Author Edward Swick (Chicago, IL) has been a foreign language teacher for more than 30 years. Present Simple Questions. (“Can you feel the love tonight?”), You see them in movie titles. The object is “basketball,” a thing, so our wh- word is what. 2. You may already recognize English questions when you see them. Be sure to use the correct tense and form, for example, “did” if the sentence is in the past tense. What is the time? Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. In the example below, you’re pretty sure everyone has heard the news but you just want to confirm. Asking Yes/No Questions We hate SPAM and promise to keep your email address safe, Sign up for our weekly blog newsletter for a chance to win a free FluentU Plus subscription (value $240), Get regular language learning tips, resources and updates, starting with the "Complete Guide to Foreign Language Immersion" e-book. Questions with verbs in the simple present use the auxiliary verb “DO”. A negative question can also show your surprise that something you expect to happen hasn’t happened yet. Similar to question tags, you can use a negative question to confirm something you believe to be true. Or, if you are talking about more than 1 person who is not present, you could ask, “Bill and John are meeting us for drinks later, aren’t they?” or “Steve and Jennifer want to order a pizza tonight, don’t they?”, If you are talking about a single person, you could say, “She is going with us to the zoo tomorrow, isn’t she?”. In some cases, you may also need to add additional words and phrases. Fortunately, we can use those same sentence-building skills to form questions in English, too. In each question, students are presented with a group of words. In this post, we’ll show you five essential types of English questions you should know, plus grammar tips to form them correctly. You could also ask someone, “Where are you from?” as part of a conversation. To form a tag question, you simply add the question tag using the opposite form of the verb/auxiliary or modal verb used in the sentence. Connect the two phrases with the question word or 'if' in the case the question is a yes/no question. How often? FluentU brings English to life with real-world videos. © 2020 Enux Education Limited. The students are visiting the museum. We’ll replace it with our wh- word. You could also ask, “How do you cook this?” to get instructions for completing a recipe. Here’s how you can change this into an indirect question: Could you please tell me where the bookstore is? For example, you might ask, “You are coming to dinner with me, aren’t you?” or “You want to go to the Chinese restaurant, don’t you?” if you are speaking directly to someone. Alice Bryant wrote this story for Learning English. In this case the speaker is surprised that something has not happened or is not happening. So now that you know how to form questions, be sure to go back to the top of this post and click on the exercise links to practice what you’ve learned. Unlike other verbs in English which usually adopt the verb “to do” as an auxiliary, “must” does not. If there is a question word (why, what, where, how, etc. We replace “in the park” with where, then move where to the beginning of the sentence: Five W questions can get pretty confusing and can require lots of practice to master. Look at these statements: We make Yes/No questions by putting the first part of the verb in front of the subject: There are many different types of videos, as you can see here: FluentU makes it easy to watch and understand native English videos with interactive captions. Questions. In the example below, you expected him to call back soon and you’re surprised he hasn’t. Let’s say we wanted to ask about the object in this sentence. Asking questions in English – direct questions There are four main categories of direct questions, depending on the kind of answer you expect: Yes/No questions, WH questions, alternative questions and tag questions. Sally won the marathon. When using an indirect question, use an introductory phrase followed by the question itself in positive sentence structure. You can use them to ask for a simple... 2. In English, “must” is used when we are talking about obligations. It’s used to check or confirm that you’ve understood something correctly. Let’s look at a few more inversions to form yes/no questions: The boat is sinking. A direct question is used to ask for information such as, “Which train goes to Bangkok?” or “How much does this box of oranges cost?” These are the types of questions we just covered above. Plural Form=≫Different Meanings? But don’t worry, there’s a way you can sound more polite and friendly. But there are many different types of questions in English grammar, each with its own rules. (Information questions begin with a question word like ‘who’ or ‘what’ and then the helping verb.. T he subject comes after the helping verb. - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary Start using FluentU on the website or download the FluentU app from the iTunes store or Google Play store. Pressing offers and invitations often assume the form of negative questions. ¿Adónde va Raúl? “is not”). It’s simple: just attach a phrase like “Could you please tell me…” or “Do you know…” before the direct question. How to Form 5 Essential Types of Questions in English Grammar 1. Below you'll find our forming questions worksheets. Answering essay questions on an exam can be difficult and stressful, which can make it hard to provide a good answer. Your father isn’t working today. But can you make your own sentences in English? Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you This is called inversion. Keep trying if it doesn’t work out the first time. (Literally: To … The same goes for a question about directions. (“Who framed Roger Rabbit?”). In Yes-No questions (questions where the answer is yes or no), there is no Question Word. Click here to get a copy. Word order in questions in English Interrogative structures in English How to form correctly ordered questions in English See also : tag questions 1. Simple Grammar Questions? All tenses in English use auxiliary verbs. Here’s a list of common question words in this category and what each is used for: How? Jane opened the door.Who opened the door? → Your father isn’t working today, is he? However, you can improve your ability to answer essay questions by learning how to understand the questions, form an answer, and stay focused. Notice that we used the contractions “isn’t” instead of “is not” and “aren’t” instead of “are not.” Contractions are usually used in negative tags. Note the inversion when forming an indirect question. Write out a basic sentence in English. Where is Raul going? Questions with be as the main verb For example, you could ask, “Who is the manager?” if you need to know who is in charge of a business. Disjunctive or Tag Questions. Nina and Thomas play the violin. For example, if you say, “Dinner is served at 6:30pm,” you would add the tag question, “isn’t it?” to confirm this statement. Practice involves rewriting sentences. Good luck! Are they happy? 10+ Resources for Learning How to Speak English Without an Accent, Learn English through Movies and Film: A Complete Guide, 8 Great Tips to Learn English Through Songs and Music, 9 Awesome Channels to Learn English on YouTube, 10 Best 90′s Sitcoms for English Learners, 12 English Podcasts Every English Learner Should Listen To, 20 Essential American Slang Words for English Learners, 20 Essential English Idioms for Sounding Like a Native. Choose from a variety of pre-made themes or create your own. For example, you could ask, “What is your favorite flavor of ice cream?” or “Which flavor is your favorite?”, Or, you could ask “What do you want to do today?” or “Which museum would you like to visit today?”, For example, you could ask, “Where do you want to meet for lunch?”. Questions. George Grow was the editor. The “five Ws” are the question words who , what , when , where and why. Almost all questions use the same structure. Structure Nathan is playing basketball in the park. For an in-depth guide to five W questions with examples, see this lecture from Georgia State University. Language Focus: An explanation of how to form Yes/No questions in English Grammar Worksheet : yes-no-questions-worksheet-esl.docx (scroll down to study the exercises online) Many students are good at answering questions, but poor at making their own questions … The lesson below shows you how to use do and does properly. However, just to make things trickier, there are actually other question words in this category too, like “how” and phrases that start with “how.” So you may also hear these referred to as “five W and H” questions or simply “wh-” questions. ", In this case, you could just swap the first two words around to make the question "Are we on a family occasion?". By using our site, you agree to our. Microsoft Forms automatically provides charts to visualize your data as you collect responses in real time. Easily create surveys and polls to collect customer feedback, measure employee satisfaction, and organize team events. If you’re at least a beginner English learner, you probably know how to form simple sentences (here’s a guide if you need a reminder). How many stickers have you got? It is raining now. Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. How much? A tag question is simply a sentence with a question tag at the end. All Rights Reserved. They greet their teacher.Who do they greet? {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/6\/65\/Form-a-Question-in-English-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Form-a-Question-in-English-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/6\/65\/Form-a-Question-in-English-Step-1.jpg\/aid10334945-v4-728px-Form-a-Question-in-English-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

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