Irredentism, territorial claim based on a national, ethnic, or historical basis. Cards Return to Set Details. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out. You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows: If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they Irredentism is a political and popular movement that claims, reclaims (usually on behalf of the corresponding nation), and seeks to occupy territory that the movement's members consider to be a "lost" (or "unredeemed") territory, based on history or even legend. Territory is not clearly defined – boundaries were not set or recognized. • Identify ONE historical or contemporary example of irredentism and explain how it demonstrates the concept of irredentism. This is a driving force the great lakes between Canada and the U.S. a state that encompasses a very small land area, A homogenous group of people with no political boundaries. Read these flashcards and learn about human geography and take the quiz to see what you learned. Created by. • Define the terms irredentism and devolution. It is also the belief that it is a mission to defend democracy. : Canada, An international boundary or the area (often fortified) immediately inside the boundary. 2020 AP Test Changes Due to COVID-19. View Vocab List 7 Vocab Voyage.docx from AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY 14329Q1 at Stuyvesant High School. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. AP Human Geography. This concept is the study of how the human evolution of our culture has affected environmental processes and systems. Regulated trade and colonization in Africa. Gravity. Central region of a country or continent; especially a region that is important to a country or to a culture. ex) Kurds, Berbers, Palestinians, Kashmir's, Sikhs, Tibetans, Saharawis, Basques. The questions do require reading and writing skills, but the surer you are of the material, the more likely you are to answer the questions correctly. Folk Culture. The potential for irredentism can be reduced if this justification is somehow undermined, perhaps by reconceptualizing the country’s history, the physical boundaries of the country, or the place of the country in the international community. AP Human Geography Chapter 4 w/examples. Know. For a long time, human geography has maintained four principal divisions, including political, cultural, economic, and social. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast., Argentina’s invasion of the British-populated Falkland Islands. They are quite common throughout the world and consistently make major headlines. What device should I use to take the 2020 AP Human Geography exam? Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves. A central force that is exerted on all objects, and directed away from the centre of rotation, divisive in nature, An attitude that unifies people and enhances support for the state Ex: Communist Russia, a region controlled exclusively by a small urban centre, usually having sovereignty. Spell. English geographer and geopolitician who argued that physical and human geography should be treated as a single discipline. e.g. Use these flashcards to help memorize information. 01/10/2011. We do not share your email address with others. It allows that country exclusive rights over exploration and resources in the waters of the zone. We do not share your email address with others. During the early years of the Wars of Yugoslav Succession, the international community did little other than rhetorical condemnation to stop Croatia’s and Serbia’s irredentist projects. If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just tap on the card to take it out of the box. By contrast, ethnically based national identities, such as that found in Nazi Germany, more easily lend themselves toward a desire for unification. Realist arguments emphasize the relative balance of power between the irredentist state in question and either the target state or the international community. Define the terms Key Concepts: Terms in this set (36) Balance of Power . AP Human Geography 7.09: Distribution of Power A. Irredentism a. Match. Under the first explanation, leaders will attempt to use irredentism as a tool to counter challenges from other elites by appealing to the nationalist sentiments of the populace. Gravity. When no one person or state may own or control and which is central to life. Desertification AP Human Geography - Varsity Tutors. show Definition first ... Irredentism: A position that promotes the annexation of territory in pursuit of ethnic homogeneity or on the basis of claims to past ownership. Write. A weak Albania had little chance of forcibly altering its border with Yugoslavia, whereas a strong Nazi Germany could pressure France and Great Britain to force territorial revisions on Czechoslovakia. Total Cards. Created by. Want to own these as PDFs for your LMS and skip the ads? Fragmented States . Central countries have high levels of development, a capacity at innovation and a convergence of trade flows. Irredentism and devolution are two processes that alter the distribution of power in a country or region. The title given to the dividing line between democratic western Europe and Communist eastern Europe following the second world war. an approach to dividing and creating boundaries at the mid-point between two places. Start studying AP Human Geography Vocab Unit 4 Examples. You would need to create a new account. When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, tap "retry" to try those cards again. Condition of roughly equal strength between opposing countries or alliances of countries. Body of public international law dealing with navigational rights, mineral rights, jurisdiction over coastal waters and international law governing relationship between nations. Home Embed All AP Human Geography Resources . AP Human Geography: Political Geography Vocab. View APHG 7.09.docx from AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY 2103400 at Florida Virtual School. Millions of ethnic Russians found themselves as minorities scattered throughout the former Soviet Union on its collapse. Examples of Empires. Additional Geography Flashcards . According to the latter argument, decision makers will initiate an irredentist conflict to divert the attention of their population from domestic problems. Human geography looks at the impact and behaviour of people and how they relate to the physical world. For example, Slobodan Milošević used irredentist claims in Kosovo, Croatia, and Bosnia-Herzegovina to rise to political preeminence in Serbia. For details read our Search » All » Geography » AP Human Geography » Unit 4 Don't know. AP Human Geo Chapter 3 Vocabualry Flashcards. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. An isogloss is a boundary which separates two different languages or two variations in the same language. E.g. An organization that transcends national borders and takes an active roll in the affairs of two or more nations. Updates? Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Test. Learn. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. Description. Click here to study/print these flashcards. Somewhat questionable cases include those without a direct ethnic component but rather based solely on historical claims, such as Argentina’s invasion of the British-populated Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) in 1982 or Serbian claims to Kosovo, which was the birthplace of Serbian nationalism but later was populated overwhelmingly by ethnic Albanians. However, these territories could also be considered “unredeemed,” and therefore, these cases can fall under the category of irredentism. to send you a reset link. Name given to a state that has no direct access to the ocean or other ample body of water. Berlin Conference. Shaking hands when meeting someone. Was a foreign policy theory, promoted by the government of the United States, that speculated that if one land in a region came under the influence of Communism, then the surrounding countries would follow in a this fashion. Form of government in which the member states give up most of their sovereignty to a national government but retain some sovereignty for themselves. Political Geography. The final explanation for irredentism is derived from the insights of constructivism, which holds generally that the social construction of ideas and concepts is instrumental in determining political outcomes. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The first asserts that the type of national identity that is dominant in a particular state or country will influence the degree to which it will become irredentist: An ethnic identity emphasizes the unity of the culturally based country across political boundaries and lends itself to the promotion of altering borders to realize a physical union of the country; a civic national identity is political in nature, usually tied to a preexisting state, and is therefore more easily limited to status quo boundaries. Omissions? characterized by or constituting a form of government in which power is held by one central authority; The maritime fringe of a country or continent. AP Human Geography Ch.8 Vocab. Rational choice accounts examine the decision-making processes of elites that initiate an irredentist conflict for instrumental purposes. Mountains, water and deserts serve as separations between states. The process is usually used to turn “too close to call” states into a party’s favor. Nonetheless, five explanatory categories can be identified: structural, realist, rational choice, domestic, and constructivist. Some were peaceful struggles while others became violent. Exclusionary is meant to keep people out, such as the boarder between the U.S. and Mexico. 2 types: those separated by water, and those separated by other countries. Notable examples of irredentism include Nazi Germany’s claims on the Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia; the “Megali Idea” that sought to create a Greater Greece; China’s desire to reincorporate the territories lost during periods of historical weakness; Somalia’s invasion of Ethiopia during the Ogaden War of 1977–78; the attempt by Hungary to reverse the 1920 Treaty of Trianon and … term used to a nation, minority ethnic group without a country. The second constructivist argument focuses on the ways in which the irredentist claims are justified in a society. A position that promotes the annexation of territory in pursuit of ethnic homogeneity or on the basis of claims to past ownership. Geography. Mountains are effective because they are hard to cross. • Garibaldi and the unification of Italy • Attempts by the Somali Republic to incorporate the Ogaden • MiitifSihShMoroccan acquisition of Spanish Sahara • Efforts by the Third Reich to expand Germany’s borders so as to encompass all German-speaking peoples in … The latter argument takes the balance of power to a higher level by examining the degree to which relevant international actors (states or international organizations) acquiesce in or tolerate the policies of specific irredentist states. Check out these 8 pages at the Human Imprint’s Illustrated Textbook. 32 key terms in the APHG study of political geography. Included a large amount of ethnic and cultural groups Why are Empires not States? lisaannduffy. It formalized the scramble to gain colonies in Africa and set up boundaries for each country’s colonies. Created in 1652 when whites came to South Africa. Flashcards. Domestic-level explanations also come in two forms: demographics and regime type. a large, strategically located region that is occupied by a number of conflicting states and is caught between the conflicting interests, Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states; self-governing, a politically organized body of people under a single government, ethnic groups that does not have a political boundaries to be identified as a nation. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Stateless Nations: AP Human Geography Crash Course Review An Introduction to Stateless Nations A stateless nation is a special case of national political systems, but nonetheless crucial to understanding political geography. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. AP Human Geography . Sovereignty is shared. Located in China, Japan and Korea opened to foreign trade by the Unequal Treaties.i.e., imposed by Western naval powers and Japan on militarily helpless Asian states. Founded 1st November 1993, fifteen independent states, founded to enhance political, economic and social co-operation. Write. The reduction in tensions between Hungary, on the one hand, and Romania and Slovakia, on the other, was associated with the consolidation of democracy in these countries, whereas nearly all irredentist conflicts were initiated by authoritarian regimes.
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