When manatees are seen in a group, it is either a mating herd or an informal meeting of the species simply sharing a warm area that has a large food supply. Manatees are herbivores, feeding solely on seagrass, algae and other vegetation in freshwater and estuarine systems in the southeastern United States. These are primarily terrestrial monkeys, and they move with long arms to forage on the ground for fruits, roots, and animals such as insects, reptiles, and amphibians. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. Taken with tigers? Manatees are thought to have evolved from four-legged land mammals more than 60 million years ago. Manatees also eat algae. SCIENTIFIC NAME OF DUGONG – In this topic, we are going to know and identify the scientific name of dugong. Also known as “sea cow”, “sea pig” and “sea camel”, the dugong is a medium-sized marine mammal and one of the four living of the Sirenia order. You will receive a verification email shortly. Due to their herbivorous diet and docile demeanor they are also known as sea cows. At SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment, we extend our commitment to the environment beyond our company by supporting a variety of conservation groups and programs. The African manatee lives along the coast and in the rivers of western Africa. Disclaimer: The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students.ADW doesn't cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. The West Indian manatee, one of only four species of sirenians that exist in the world, is the only member of the order Sirenia that lives in the United States. Typically, manatees stay in rivers, seas and oceans along the coast of several countries. Sounds funny but scientists use complex schemes (scientific names) for naming plants and animals in order to categorize and discuss the natural world. Manatee Grass (Syringodium filiforme) Occurring throughout most of Florida’s estuaries, manatee grass is the second most common seagrass in Florida waters. It grows to about 9 feet long and can weigh up to 1,100 pounds. Manatees: Manatees are large, herbivorous mammals that live in water. Manatees aren’t sexually mature until they are about 5 years old, have a gestationperiod of 13 months, give birth every 2-5 years and rarely give birth to twins. The Amazonian Manatee (Trichechus inunguis) is a species of manatee that lives in the freshwater habitats of the Amazon River and its tributaries. Once the male has mated, though, he takes no part in the raising of the young. It belongs to the dugong family Dugonginae. Manatees' eyes are small, but their eyesight is good. Manatees and dugongs may have inspired mermaid legends. Visit our corporate site. Although they usually move along in slow motion, they can also cruise, or swim at a steady pace, at five miles (eight kilometers) an hour. The Florida manatee and the Antillean manatee were listed as endangered in 1967 and 1970, respectively, under the Endangered Species Preservation Act of 1966; the number of mature individuals was estimated to be fewer than 2,500 for each subspecies, and the populations were expected to decline by more than 20 percent over the next two generations, or about 40 years. Despite their large size, manatees are graceful swimmers. New York, A group of manatees is called an aggregation. The rest of us use common names for plants and animals, like manatee or … Most other mammals, including giraffes, have seven. Find quick information and fun facts with these 1-page easy resources about animals from A to Z. Stay up to date on the coronavirus outbreak by signing up to our newsletter today. ADD TO FLEET Scientific Name; CYMA18: Cymodocea manatorum Asch. Parenting and Diet Manatees are born underwater. The African manatee lives along the coast and in the rivers of western Africa. Main Characteristics. Manatees usually live about 40 years. The Amazon manatee lives in the Amazon River's drainage, from the headwaters in Colombia, Peru and Ecuador to the mouth of the Amazon in Brazil. Are you wild about whales? All three species of manatees belong to the family Trichechidae. There are three species of manatee: the Amazonian manatee (Trichechus inunguis); the West Indian manatee, or the American manatee (Trichechus manatus); and the African manatee (Trichechus senegalensis). According to the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS), the manatee's full classification is: The IUCN's Red List of Threatened Species lists all manatees as vulnerable or endangered and facing a high risk of extinction. Due to their eating habits, manatees are nicknamed “sea cows” because they eat seagrasses and other aquatic plants. These subspecies are distinguished by differences in cranial measurements and by their geographic distribution. For the most part, they have an amazing maternal instinct and do all they can to care for their young. Sirens were sea nymphs who lured sailors to their island with their mesmerizing songs. If they are simply resting, they can stay under the water for 15 minutes without taking a breath, according to National Geographic. Throughout a manatee's life, the molars are constantly replaced — an adaption to their diet of abrasive vegetation. The anatomical characteristics they share include the lack of a collar bone and the presence of nails instead of claws. The living sirenians consist of three species of manatees and one species of dugong. But don't let their size fool you: manatees are actually incredibly graceful creatures. Manatees are large aquatic mammals found both in the Americas and in Africa. Alina Bradford - Live Science Contributor There are still many unanswered questions about the manatee even though they has been plenty of research about them. It´s important to start by mentioning that the name «manatee» comes from a Caribbean indigenous language meaning «with breasts». The Amaz… Question: What is the scientific name for a manatee? Federally Listed Species in Manatee County, Florida This information is provided as a guide to project planning, and is not a substitute for site-specific surveys. The Amazon species name "inunguis" is Latin for "without nails. This species lived primarily in the Commander Islands of the western Bering Sea. SeaWorld and Busch Gardens Conservation Fund. © 2020 SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment, Inc. All Rights Reserved. That can equal up to 130 lbs. As a result, manatees cannot turn their heads sideways, and must turn their whole body around to look behind them. Such surveys may be needed to assess species' presence or absence, as well as the extent of project effects on … These four orders of mammals are sometimes considered "subungulates", meaning they may be evolutionary offshoots of a primitive ungulate (hoof) stock. Browse our extensive collection of zoological career infobooks including animal training, animal rescue and rehabilitation and zoo careers. The group of bulls is called a mating herd. Though they may seem like cumbersome creatures, manatees can swim quickly and gracefully. The scientific name for the Antillean manatee is Trichechus manatus manatus. Manatees have only six neck vertebrae. … They have a notch in their tails, as well as tusks. Receive news and offers from our other brands? They also play an important role in maintaining a healthy ecosystem. Correll – manatee … Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS), downgraded the West Indian manatees' status from endangered to threatened, Manatees are also vulnerable to collisions with speedboats, The best Lego sets for alien, sci-fi, space fans and more, 20 of the worst epidemics and pandemics in history, Catch the full moon (and a penumbral eclipse) on Monday, Adorable monkeys caught commiting grisly act of cannibalism, Megalodon nurseries reveal world’s largest shark had a soft side. A manatee munching down on some sargassum. As many as 6,620 Florida manatees and 6,300 Antillean manatees are estimated to live in the wild currently, according to the FWS. By Algae, photosynthetic organisms, often grow on manatees' skin. Come face-to-face with the wonders of wildlife through species-focused episodes and related classroom activities. Manatees don't always need to breathe. A second species, the Steller's sea cow was discovered in 1741 and hunted to extinction by 1768. Take a closer look at these encyclopedia books including information about animal habitats, behavior, and scientific classification. Trichechus manatus Linnaeus, 1758 – West Indian Manatee, manatee, Manatí del Caribe, Caribbean manatee. The West Indian manatee lives in the southern and eastern United States, although a few "vagrants" have been known to reach the Bahamas, according to the IUCN. ", The name manatee comes from the Taíno (a pre-Columbian people of the Caribbean) word manatí, meaning "breast.". "Today, we both recognize the significant progress we have made in conserving manatee populations while reaffirming our commitment to continuing this species' recovery and success throughout its range," Jim Kurth, acting director of the FWS, said in a statement by the FWS. It is also found in Bermuda, the Bahamas, and throughout the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean. The family Dugongidae includes the dugong found in the Indian and western Pacific Oceans. The mother helps the calf get to the water's surface for air, and within the first hour of life, the calf will be able to swim on its own. The West Indian manatee is a large, aquatic mammal. Manatees usually swim about 5 mph (8 km/h), but they can swim up to 15 mph (24 km/h) in short bursts when they feel a need for speed, according to National Geographic. After a long sea voyage, sailors may have thought they were seeing sirens, or mermaids, when they were probably seeing manatees or dugongs. The Amazonian manatee is the smallest member of the manatee family. Hear animal sounds for animals like anteaters, dolphins, frogs and more. Manatees are large aquatic mammals, and sometimes they're referred to as “sea cows.” They're very large averaging 10 feet long and 1,200 pounds! International Union for Conservation of Nature. (59 kg). In ancient mythology, sirens were monsters or sea nymphs who sang mesmerizing songs that lured sailors to steer their ships onto treacherous rocks. In five years, the young manatee will be sexually mature and ready to have its own young. Crazy about roller coasters? Manatee, any of three species of large slow aquatic mammals found along tropical and subtropical Atlantic coasts and associated inland waters, including the watersheds of the Amazon and Niger rivers. Populations are expected to decline by as much as 30 percent over the next 20 years. According to National Geographic, a manatee can eat a tenth of its own weight in 24 hours. At sea, they tend to prefer sea grasses. One reason for the status is that manatees reproduce very slowly — the time between generations is about 20 years. Find a variety of free classroom activities that will keep your students engaged and excited to learn about animals. Manatee Internships The Marine Mammal Subsection offers a variety of manatee internships including positions that work on photo identification and GIS projects in St. Petersburg, as well as positions that assist field stations with manatee rescue, carcass salvage, and research in other areas around the state. Their names indicate the regions in which they live. Numbers are hard to come by, especially for the secretive Amazonian manatee; the IUCN says the estimate of 10,000 manatees should be regarded with caution because the numbers are supported by little empirical data. The scientific name of the Manatees is Trichechus, which was classified in 1758. Download free teacher guides to keep students learning in a hands-on way: includes vocabulary, classroom activities, goals and objectives. The Greek name for this order is derived from the sirens of Greek mythology. Trichechus refers to the family Trichechidae, which is a genus of mammals including manatees. © Its scientific species name, inunguis means "no nails," referring to the fact that this is the only manatee species that does not have nails on its forelimbs. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) downgraded the West Indian manatees' status from endangered to threatened. NY 10036. But manatees aren't out of the woods yet, and are still considered a "threatened species." 31 March 2017. This page contains manatee facts, pictures and information… Manatee Facts At A Glance Studies using biochemical analysis of proteins show that the closest modern relatives of sirenians are elephants, aardvarks, and small mammals known as hyraxes. Image from: World Widlife Fund. Manatee Scientific name The scientific name for the manatee is Trichechus. The fossil record of sirenians is incomplete, and the relationship between manatees and their ancestors is poorly known. Scientific names or Binomial Nomenclature is a scientific process wherein entities such as plants, animals, living entities are named and they are derived from Latin. Learn more about the Seasonal Camp Counselor program at SeaWorld. ADD NOTES. It is of the order of Sirenia and the class is Mammalia. Receive mail from us on behalf of our trusted partners or sponsors? In addition, fishermen trawling with nets in the Amazon and West Africa pose a grave threat to these slow-moving mammals. The Amazonian manatee come from the ‘Sirenia’ order and are also known as ‘seacows’. Partners in Manatee Health Research Manatees often swim alone or in pairs. Their hearing is good too, despite not having outer ear structures, because manatees have large inner ear bones. On March 31, 2017, however, the U.S. Amazonian manatees are aquatic animals. When they live in rivers, they consume freshwater vegetation. Habitat loss from waterfront development also impacts their survival. Classification. The family name is Trichechidae. Manatees are also vulnerable to collisions with speedboats. Dull gray, blackish, or brown in color, all three species have … They are not territorial, so they have no need for a leader or followers. Although they have no documented predators, it is believed that alligators, sharks and crocodiles occasionally attack and kil… Live Science is part of Future US Inc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. The manatee is a large marine mammal with an egg-shaped head, flippers and a flat tail. The other two members of Trichechidae are the Amazonian manatee Trichechus inunguis and the West African manatee Trichechus senegalensis. These manatee cousins are found in the Indian and Pacific oceans. Our overarching zoological mission is to foster conservation awareness and to impart action on our park guests to preserve wild animals and wild places. Thank you for signing up to Live Science. These tropical creatures have an aerodynamic body, which is very robust in the middle portion, while it narrows towards its back and ends in a tail shaped like a paddle which they employ to swim with up and down movements. Scientists once mistakenly thought manatees were closely related to walruses based on facial similarities (Reynolds and Odell, 1991). The calf, or baby manatee, is born underwater. An aggregation usually never grows larger than about six individuals, according to the Save the Manatee Club. The West Indian manatee looks allot like a whale or a walrus, but is actually most closely related to the elephant,. A fourth dwarf manatee species was described in the mid-2000s, but this claim was called into question and it is believed to actually be a juvenile Amazonian manatee. Manatees' only teeth are called marching molars. MANATEE. Reaching up to 13 feet (4 meters) long and weighing as many as 1,300 pounds (600 kilograms), West Indian manatees look more like small cars than people. scientific name Trichechus inunguis One of the 3 manatee species in the world, Trichechus inunguis is a river dweller that can reach 2.8 m in length and weigh half a ton. ... Cymodoceaceae – Manatee-grass family Genus: Cymodocea K.D. SYFI: Syringodium filiforme Kütz. However, despite the name, they are more closely related to elephants. The people of SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment are truly and deeply driven to inspire on behalf of, to celebrate and connect with, and to care for the natural world we all share. Also, in West Africa, manatees are hunted for their meat. An animal that is similar to the manatee is the dugong (Dugong dugon). This species has smooth skin. There are two subspecies of the West Indian manatee: the Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris) and the Antillean manatee (Trichechus manatus manatus). From recent aerial synoptic surveys, there are at least 5,000 Florida manatees. Even though the oldest known sirenian fossils were found in Jamaica (. Future US, Inc. 11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor, The manatee is listed under the federal Endangered Species Act as … The scientific name for the sea cow family is Trichechidae. (200 to 590 kilograms). They have large, strong tails that power their swimming. Container Ship IMO: 9377690. Typically, manatees stay in rivers, seas and oceans along the coast of several countries. This name is apt, due to their large stature; slow, lolling nature; and propensity to be eaten by other animals. Six individuals, according to the family Dugongidae includes the dugong found Bermuda... Are herbivores, feeding solely on seagrass, algae and other vegetation freshwater... 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